Hysteroscopy is a medical procedure that involves examining the inside of the uterus using a thin, lighted instrument called a hysteroscope. It is typically performed to diagnose and treat various gynecological conditions. During hysteroscopy, the hysteroscope is inserted through the vagina and cervix into the uterus, allowing the doctor to visualize the uterine lining and identify any abnormalities. The procedure can help diagnose conditions such as fibroids, polyps, uterine adhesions, and abnormal bleeding. It can also be used to perform certain treatments, such as removing polyps or fibroids, performing endometrial ablation, or inserting contraceptive devices. Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is generally safe and well-tolerated, with a relatively short recovery time. It is commonly performed on an outpatient basis, and complications are rare.